The West Moreton system runs over 314 kms between Rosewood and Miles. The West Moreton system adjoins South East Queensland in the east at Rosewood and the far-west section of the Western system at Miles. Various branch lines of the Western system also run off the West Moreton system. The system links rail services from Brisbane to the west and south west of the state and is a major artery to the Darling Downs – via the Toowoomba Range.
Thermal coal is the predominant commodity hauled on the West Moreton system. Grain also originates from and is hauled on the system.
Traffic to and from the Western and South Western systems, including the Westlander long distance passenger service, travels across the West Moreton system.